Monday, October 14, 2013

Top things to do after installation Ubuntu 13.10 (Saucy Salamander)

     As we know Ubuntu13.10 final beta is already out and we are just a few days away from the final release you are prepare to upgrade from Ubuntu 13.04 to Ubuntu 13.10 or a fresh installation.
I am using Ubuntu 13.10 already and it is improved much from Ubuntu 13.04 specially Unity is more responsive now.

Download link: (download as your system's processor support 32bit or 64bit)
Burn the ISO image to the DVD or in USB stick and install

After the fresh installation of Ubuntu 13.10 open the Software & Updater and set the Download from Main Server and enable canonical partner repositories and install your hardware drivers from Additional drivers section:

Now open the terminal press (Ctrl+Alt+T) and type following in the terminal:
sudo apt-get update

hit enter and type your password (be remember password not appear in terminal when you type) it will update the new system.

Or you can update by Ubuntu software updater

-Then we have to Install codecs and Java to be able to play most audio and video formats install Ubuntu Restricted Extras using the following command:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

For Enable the DVD playback: copy and paste following to the terminal all together:

sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg libxine1-ffmpeg gxine mencoder libdvdread4 totem-mozilla icedax tagtool easytag id3tool lame nautilus-script-audio-convert libmad0 mpg321

Then Following command for Enable DVD Playback:
In terminal copy-paste the below Command:
sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/

Everyone required some softwares for the day to day work, Listening music, watching movies, playing games etc, mostaly required softwares installed by default in ubuntu and some we need to install like:
For Look and customisation – unity tweak tool and gnome tweak tool, CCSM
Media -- VLC
Webcam—guvcview / cheese
Office -- LibreOffice installed by default
Web -- Mozila Firefox (installed by default) or Google Chrome or chromium
Audio/Video calling -- Skype
Screen record-- Simple Screen Recorder
File shairing over local area network: SAMBA
FTP client : Filezilla

UnityTweak Tool: the tweaktools for customisation the look and settings as per individual's choice
sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

GDEBI:It is quite faster and useful to install .deb packages
sudo apt-get install gdebi

Calibre(books management):
It is a good manager for most type of books formats and you can covert formats of the books.
sudo apt-get install calibre

Friends-app sudo apt-get install friends-app

Cloud App: now-a-days a cloud app is necessary to sync your important date over multiple device few are: dropbox, UbuntuOne, Copy

UbuntuOne better integrate with unity and installed by defaults and it offers 5 GB free space

Dropbox offers 2GB of free space and very much popular and if you signup from below link we Both of will earn an extra 500 MBs for completed referrals up to 16 GBs

Copy it offers 15GB of free space and it offers app for installation on linux
And if you signup from below link we Both of will earn an extra 5 GBs for completed referrals

Download the installer from uncompress it with:

tar -xvf copy_agent-1.28.0657.tgz

To install the nautilus overlay indicators just go the the folder where you uncompressed the tar file and then run
sudo ./CopyAgent -installOverlay

And then just run for installation

SKYPE: It is hardly need anyone to introduce:
sudo apt-get install skype

VLC: it is very good audio and video player which is fullfill all aspects from avi formats to any DVD or blueray disk playback, ability to stream videos over internet and more..
You can install it from Ubuntu software center or by the terminal:
Open the terminal press (Ctrl+Alt+T)

sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugins

Or you can add PPA for latest version:
Terminal Commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

For webcam app: Type the following in the terminal and hit enter:

sudo apt-get install guvcview 

SimpleScreenRecorder: add the following PPA to install it use the following commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder

On the Ubuntu 64bit: For recording of 32bit games you need to install simplescreenrecorder-lib:i386:
sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder-lib:i386

Grub Customizer: It is a GUI utility to customize grub entries
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install grub-customizer

Gimp is the image manipulation application, it is opensource application and much capable like photoshop, Install it in Ubuntu 13.10 open the Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T)
copy and paste one by one in Terminal:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/ppa-gimp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gimp
sudo apt-get install gimp-plugin-registry

Install Resynthesizer Plugin with following command :
sudo apt-get install gimp-resynthesizer

Firewall : GUFW –Terminal command is as below:
sudo apt-get install gufw

Compression and Decompression tools: For zip, rar files required, Type or copy-paste (to avoid the
typing mistakes) the following in the terminal and hit enter:
sudo apt-get install p7zip-rar p7zip-full unace unrar zip unzip sharutils rar uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller

SAMBA: It is required if you want to share files over your Local Area Network
sudo apt-get install samba system-config-samba cifs-utils
Filezilla: Best FTP client
sudo apt-get install filezilla filezilla-common

YPPA: It is a GUI tool for managing PPAs. It is a GUI so adding or removing PPA is very simple
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager

Cairo-Dock is a full desktop it is looks like MAC and it is fast and customizable desktop interface.Its very good alternative for those who don't like Unity but want to use Ubuntu and want looks like MAC

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cairo-dock-team/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins

Install GNOME 3 For installing GNOME 3 type the following command in Terminal and hit enter:
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell

BleachBit: It is a GUI utility for clean the system like APT cache, thumbnails, Firefox, Thunderbird, Google Chrome, System, Flash cache etc, It is not only delete the files but it includes advanced features like wiping free disk space, shredding files etc
sudo apt-get install bleachbit

For Look customisation: Install compiz config setting manager(CCSM)

sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins-extra

Below is the picture for your reference, cube settings achevied by CCSM

Synaptic: It is very capable and light weight software installation utility it is very lightweight and good alternative of ubuntu software center.

sudo apt-get install synaptic

Chromium: Install it from software center or synaptic or type in Terminal:

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

Google Chrome : You can download .deb package and install it with Gdebi or Software 
Center, below is the download link

Wine Hq: If you want to run a software of windows or you are a game lover and want to play 
windows games then it is must have application in your machine.
You can install it from ubuntu software center or synaptic
for more detail for wine visit the following link:

Virtualbox:If you want to run OS like windows or any other linux distro in virtualbox, download 
.deb package from following link as per your processor 32bit or 64bit and install it with gdebi

3D Graphics Applications: Blender:Windows equivalent : 3D Studio MAX, Google Sketch

sudo apt-get install blender

Audio editor: Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It is you only need for audio editor tool

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:audacity-team/daily
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install audacity lame libmp3lame0

Video editor: Pitivi below is the link where you will find the installation instructions

Boot-Repair: Some times we face the boot issues like you can't boot after installing or upgrading windows(in dual boot) or any boot related issues then we need to repair the boot.
For repairing the boot we need to boot from live USB or DVD for the same version which is installed (It is recomanded)
Through the following commands one by one in the terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yannubuntu/boot-repair
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y boot-repair && boot-repair

Clean the system by following commands one by one in the terminal:

sudo apt-get clean
sudo apt-get autoclean
sudo apt-get autoremove

So guys now time to tweak some system settings:
For Unity Handling tips: check the ubuntu help from dash you can learn a lot for this beautiful and awsome desktop
Enable Hibernate option: Ubuntu has disabled hibernate option by defaults, So here is tweak to enable it: Type or copy and paste the following in the Terminal:
sudo gedit /var/lib/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/hibernate.pkla
It will opens the gdeit file copy-paste below and Save file and Exit, then Restart and check.
[Re-enable Hibernate]


Disable Guest Account: If you want to disable the guest account which is by default enables in ubuntu, type following in the Terminal, it will open a file in gedit.
sudo gedit /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
For disable Remote Login type following line at the end of file.

Then Save the file and close and restart the system and check the effects.

Show your username on panel: copy-paste following in the Terminal:
gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.session show-real-name-on-panel true
And for remove:
gsettings set com.canonical.indicator.session show-real-name-on-panel false

Unity Performance: Unity is much improved in Ubuntu 13.10 however if your system is less with old hardware or you want to improve the unity performance then do the followings:
sudo apt-get autoremove unity-lens-shopping
sudo apt-get autoremove unity-lens-music
sudo apt-get autoremove unity-lens-photos

sudo apt-get autoremove unity-lens-video

Set Aero Glass Effect :
Like windows 7 aero effect. Install Configuration Editor type the following in the terminal:
 sudo apt-get install dconf-editor

- Tape the Super key and run the dconf-editor
- Browse to org > gwd, look for "metacity_theme_active_opacity" on the right panel
- Change the value in "metacity_theme_active_opacity" from 1 to 0.80 or smaller such as 0.5 for more transparency

SWAP Value decrease : It is very important to decrease the swap value in the systems those have less then 2GB ram, to improve the Ubuntu performance.
Open the Terminal and copy -paste following to check your default swap value
cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness
Hit enter The result should be 60.
To change the swappiness value to lower because when system uses swap it is too much slower, open the Terminal and copy -paste following:
gksudo gedit /etc/sysctl.conf
Hit enter it will open a file in gdeit, In the bottom of the text file add the following lines :
# Decrease swap usage to a workable level
Restart the system and check
cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness

Now your new swap value should be 10 

Disable System Crash Reports: To disable the crash reports, type the following in the terminal:

sudo gedit /etc/default/apport

It opens the file, In the last line you will see "enabled=1" change it to "enabled=0" Save and close file.

Final Note : Stay tuned, more tweaks will be coming soon...
Please advise your suggestions or comments...

1 comment:

  1. its very informative for new ubuntu users as well as regular users.